Watch Out for Abnormal Menstruation

Healthy or absent months can be an indication of whether your reproductive system is working properly or not. Menstruation that is not normal or different from normal, may be a sign of your reproductive system disorders.

Generally a woman’s menstrual period is 2-7 days, while the menstrual cycle lasts 21-35 days, with an average of 28 days. Although the menstrual period experienced by each woman has different characteristics, but there are several conditions that need to be watched out because it can be an indication of a health problem. (Read also : How To Relieve Pain During Menstruation Quickly And Naturally)

Pay attention to changes that occur

Detecting abnormal menstruation or certain changes in the menstrual period, can be an indication of possible interference with the reproductive organs.

The following are some possible changes that can occur.

  • If your menstrual volume is more than usual

    Generally women release an average blood volume of 30-40 ml during menstruation per month. But some women spend up to more than 60 ml a month. This condition is called menorrhagia. If you need to replace the dressing almost every hour, then you can be included in the condition category.

    A lot of blood loss causes the body to lose the iron needed to produce hemoglobin. Without enough iron, the number of red blood cells will decrease significantly, causing anemia. This condition is characterized by symptoms such as fatigue, pallor, and shortness of breath.

    This higher number of menstruation can be due to the following:

    An abnormal pregnancy or miscarriage
    – Use of IUD (intrauterine device) or spiral as a contraceptive method
    – Endometriosis
    – Pelvic inflammatory disease
    – Blood clotting disorders
    – Polyps or fibroids in the uterus

    Excess blood volume can be reduced by taking oral contraceptives or tranexamic acid drugs which can increase blood clotting. But if your menstrual volume is more than usual, see a doctor immediately. If after taking the medicine your condition does not improve, the doctor will recommend an ultrasound examination to examine the pelvic organs. (Read also: causes of menstrual blood mixed with mucus)

  • If your menstruation slows down or even stops
    Abnormal menstrual categories include when a woman does not menstruate for 3 consecutive periods or has not experienced menstruation when she is 15 years old. This condition is called amenorrhea.In addition, several other conditions may also cause amenorrhea such as:

    • You are pregnant or are breastfeeding.
    • Exercise is too heavy or too often. The frequency and intensity of excessive exercise can affect the production and work of reproductive hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle.
    • Having eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa. Limitations of calories in the body prevent the release of hormones needed in the process of ovulation.
    • Other possible causes are obesity, taking oral contraceptives, disorders of the hypothalamus (the part of the brain that regulates reproductive hormone regulation), thyroid gland disorders, stress, uterine disorders, polycystic ovary syndrome, early menopause and other hormonal balance disorders.
      Check with your doctor immediately if your period stops, is irregular, or is often too late for a long time.
  • If you experience excessive menstrual pain
    Most women experience fatigue and pain during menstruation. However, some women experience more severe menstrual pain, which makes them unable to do activities. This condition is called dysmenorrhea. Can be accompanied by other symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, headache, back pain and diarrhea.Excessive pain during menstruation can be an indication of certain diseases, such as endometrosis and fibroids.Anti-inflammatory drugs can be consumed to prevent prostaglandin production as a cause of pain and reduce the pain it causes. It is recommended to see a doctor to get proper treatment. Your doctor will probably suggest a pap smear test, pelvic examination, ultrasound, or laparoscopy. (Read also: menstrual blood clots, is it normal?)
  • If you experience bleeding between menstrual periods
    Abnormal menstruation can be marked bleeding between menstrual periods.We recommend that you immediately check to detect possible interference.For example, vaginal injuries to more serious diseases such as cancer. (Read also : Sharing Menstrual Blood Colors and the Meaning Behind It)

Conditions that need to be examined immediately

Note if your menstruation changes. In essence, you should immediately see a doctor if:

  • Your menstrual cycle is less than 21 days or more than 35 days.
  • Your menstruation lasts more than 7 days.
  • Having bleeding between menstruation.
  • Having pain that is not restrained while experiencing
  • Need to replace the pads every once an hour.
  • You have stopped menstruating for 12 consecutive months, but then have menstruation.

Checking out as early as possible can make the possibility of a disorder due to abnormal menstruation can be handled immediately.


Thanks to dr. Allert Noya

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