Every parent will want his baby to achieve optimal growth and development. Of course, to achieve these expectations, nutritional factors are very important to note.
Fulfillment of nutritional needs appropriately, comprehensively, and in balance will influence each other on the growth and development of the child as a whole, such as the bones, vision and the body’s immune system and even the brain as an organ of intelligence. All of that supports the capacity of children so that they have optimal abilities in the future.
Nutrition plays an important role so that children’s growth becomes optimal from various elements that include cognitive, motoric, speech and language and social-emotional. What is important is also known, nutrition meets the energy needs of children to prepare the brain as a hardware in the intelligence process.
In addition, nutrition also provides an important role to help your child so that he is not susceptible to experiencing pain during his development. A good immunity condition – because of good nutrition – will certainly reduce the risk of the child getting the disease. As a result, it does not interfere with the next child’s growth and development process.
From the womb
To see the capacity and character of a person later on is determined by the process of how he grew up. That includes how the nutritional quality and stimulation he got, even since he was still in the womb.
Good nutrition will support the process of fetal growth. Since pregnancy, the growth of brain cells in the fetus must be maximized, through nutrition and stimulation. Therefore, prospective mothers need to prepare the right nutrition from the beginning of pregnancy.
It is important to know, the forerunner of the brain has been formed in the third week of pregnancy in the form of a nerve plate. In the fourth week turns into a neural tube. In the fifth week of pregnancy the brain begins to form, the brain stem, cerebellum and spinal cord.
Now, after birth to the world, an important period to consider in brain growth is the age of 0-2 years. Why? The reason is that the time span is the golden age of the fastest neurological development of the brain, especially myelinization. Indeed, until the age of 5 years the development of the brain continues even though not as fast as the previous age.
During this golden period is the peak period of a child’s brain development which will become the foundation for further brain development
The brain experiences tremendous development in childhood. Even up to 2 years old, the brain weighs 75 percent of the adult brain. In addition, up to the age of 2 years, the child’s brain growth and development has reached 90 percent.
Then what is the function of the brain? An awful lot. It turns out that the brain is set up all over the inside of the body, such as the movement of the motor, regulating blood pressure, hormone secretion, respiration, emotion, even regulate body temperature and so on. No wonder if the brain is called the most vital organs.
Back again, the most important factor for the formation of brain cells during the golden period is nutrition. As for some nutrients that play a role are glucose, vitamins, minerals, linolenic acid, linoleic acid, essential amino acids and choline, of course. Every parent who wants a smart child must of course meet the nutritional needs of their children, in order to improve their brain’s ability to be optimal.
In addition, another thing that is not less important in the fulfillment of child nutrition is the intake of macro and micro nutrients from various foods. To meet nutritional needs, parents need to pay attention to the intake of balanced and varied food sources. Therefore, fill the nutritional needs of the child with a menu containing carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins and minerals that meet the needs of the child.
For example, carbohydrates can be sourced from rice and potatoes. Protein can be obtained from chicken, fish and beef. Fats from fish, chicken meat, eggs and milk, vitamins from fruits, minerals from vegetables and milk. Of course, each intake is expected to be balanced every day.