Every woman has a different menstrual cycle. Some have regular cycles per ± 28 days, while others can be irregular. irregular menstrual periods means you can have an absent cycle (no menstruation at all), rarely, unpredictable patterns, very heavy menstrual bleeding, or persistent bleeding.
Treatment for irregular menstruation is not always necessary. For example, hormonal changes that occur during puberty can cause changes in the normal menstrual cycle. Treatment is usually not needed.
However, you should consult with your doctor before starting any treatment for irregular menstruation if you notice the following changes in your menstruation:
- Bleeding or spotting after sex
- Your menstrual bleeding is very heavy, which requires
- you to replace pads every 1-2 hours; or wear two layers at once
- You experience heavy bleeding that “leaks” into your clothes or penetrates your bed
- Your menstruation lasts more than 7 days
- Your menstruation is more often than once a month
Your doctor will ask about your menstruation, lifestyle, and medical history to find out the reasons underlying your irregular cycle. The treatment needed will depend on the reasons behind your uncertain cycle. (Read also : How To Relieve Pain During Menstruation Quickly And Naturally)
Treatment to deal with irregular menstrual cycles
1. examination of medical conditions
It is important to treat various diseases that can underlie your erratic menstrual cycle. If you have irregular periods, your doctor will run a blood test to check hormone levels and thyroid function to determine whether polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) or a disturbance in your thyroid gland is the cause. Women with PCOS can be given birth control pills or other hormones to trigger periods. If you plan to get pregnant, infertility drugs can be prescribed. Hypothyroidism is treated with thyroid hormone supplementation.
If the cause is found to come from the structure of the reproductive organs or if medical management proves to be ineffective, the following steps can be considered:
- Surgical removal of polyps or uterine fibroids
- Uterine artery embolization, a procedure to block blood flow to the uterus
- Endometrial ablation, a procedure for burning blood vessels in the endometrial lining of the uterus
2. Changing contraception
If you have irregular periods that don’t recover within a few months after three months of hormonal contraception (IUD / birth control pills), your doctor can recommend you to use other types of contraception. Some women experience irregular periods when using Nexplanon, DepoProvera, or IUD (intrauterine devices). Examine the packaging label that accompanies your IUD (intrauterine device) to learn more about its side effects.
If you start using a new contraceptive pill that causes irregular bleeding, you may be advised to change your birth control pill.
3. Change your lifestyle
Some women have changes in their menstrual periods because they exercise too much. Reducing the frequency and intensity of your exercise can help your cycle return to normal. Stress causes many changes in the body, including irregular periods. Relaxation and counseling techniques (talking with a therapist) may help.
Extreme changes in your weight can affect your menstruation. Body weight can interfere with the body’s ability to ovulate, which controls your menstrual cycle. However, extreme sudden weight loss can also cause a rare or irregular period. Managing healthy weight can help with irregular periods.
4. Hormone therapy
Irregular menstrual cycles are often caused by a lack or imbalance of certain hormones in the body. Birth control pills (oral contraceptives), containing estrogen and progesterone hormones, are generally prescribed to help control irregular periods. Hormonal drugs called progestins can also help trigger menstruation in women who rarely or not at all menstruate. Other hormonal treatments can be prescribed for women with irregular menstruation who have difficulty conceiving. (Read Also : Watch Out for Abnormal Menstruation)
5. Herbal medicines
There are several home remedies to help promote a normal menstrual cycle in women who have irregular cycles, for example:
- Coriander seeds have emmenagogue properties to stimulate menstrual flow which will promote a more regular cycle. How: boil 1 teaspoon of whole coriander seeds in two cups of water, bring to a boil until there is only one glass of water left, strain the seeds, and drink coriander water three times a day for a few days before your menstrual day
- Aloe vera. Aloe vera can increase the production of hormones that are responsible for menstruation and can also help in having regular menstrual cycles. To use aloe vera gel, divide the two leaves of aloe and take the juice. Mix aloe vera juice with 1 tablespoon of honey. Drink potions, for three months to get the best results, but don’t drink when you menstruate. (Read also : Causes Of Menstrual Blood Mixed With Mucus)
- Ginger is effective for women who suffer from rare or delayed menstrual cycles. Boil 1/2 tsp freshly ground ginger with one cup of water for 5-7 minutes. You can add some sugar to taste. Drink ginger tea three times a day after eating. Repeat the process for at least a month to achieve the best results
- Cinnamon helps reduce menstrual cramps and promotes the menstrual cycle. In Chinese medicine, cinnamon is said to be effective in providing a warming effect in the body. Cinnamon also contains hydroxychalcone, an active compound that is effective in regulating insulin and affecting menstruation regularly. Apply 1/2 teaspoon of cinnamon powder in one glass of milk or warm tea and drink the mixture for several weeks
- Unripe Papaya can normalize irregular menstrual cycles due to their emmenagoguary properties, and also help trigger the right contraction of the fibers of the uterine muscles. Unripe Papaya is very beneficial for delayed cycles associated with stress or menopause. To achieve optimal results, eat young papaya for 2 months. However, avoid consuming Unripe Papaya when you are menstruating
- Turmeric. Turmeric is a body heating herb that can help regulate menstruation and is also good at balancing hormones. In addition, turmeric is also rich in anti-inflammatory and antispasmodic properties, which is effective in reducing menstrual pain. Take a quarter of a teaspoon of turmeric and mix with tea, honey or milk. Take the mixture every day for several weeks